On leading app stores such as Google Play stores, several apps are being developed and deployed almost on a daily basis. Today, cross-platform app development, hybrid app development, and native app development have become prominent among business professionals and app developers.

Each of these frameworks has a unique architecture to build apps. While cross-platform and hybrid frameworks save time and cost, native apps offer superior user experience. The cross-platform and hybrid framework also provides a faster time to market.

In this blog, we will discuss the two cross-platform app development tools, React Native and Flutter.

Flutter

Flutter is used for creating superior-quality apps using a single code base. It is an open-source Google’s open-source SDK for Android and iOS. This can be used to create applications for a capability-based operating system from Google, i.e. Google Fuchsia. Flutter is based on Dart language and provides a captivating graphics’ library.

It is backed by Google and used to develop applications for Android and iOS.

Flutter uses Dart

Dart was developed by Google in 2011. It uses modern features of several languages to code beautiful native apps. It is quite new to the developers. It is easy-to-use for people who have experience developing apps in OOP languages such as C++ and Java. It is a general-purpose programming language with features aimed at client-side development and is a great fit for both mobile and web apps. Dart is used for creating high-quality, mission-critical apps for iOS, Android, and the web.

Architecture of Flutter

A Dart application architecture is inspired by RefluxJS and Facebook’s Flux. It has a library of unidirectional data flow. Flutter-flux implements a unidirectional data flow pattern comprising of StoreWatchers, Actions, and Stores.

Features of Flutter

  • It offers Native performance.
  • It has a Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development.
  • It offers a fully customized environment.
  • It is a Platform-specific SDK.
  • It has design-specific widgets.

Users of Flutter

  • Abbey Road Studios app is built with Flutter.
  • Alibaba used Flutter to create a beautiful experience on their Xianyu app.
  • Google internal customer management app, Called GreenTea, uses Flutter in its development environment.
  • The official app of Broadway Musical, called Hamilton Musical, is created using the Flutter framework.
  • Leading FinTech company JD Finance makes use of Flutter.

React Native

React Native, created by Facebook, is an open-source mobile application framework It is used to develop applications for Android, iOS, and UWP by enabling developers to use React along with native platform capabilities.

React Native Uses Javascript

It allows developers to build an app using only JavaScript. JavaScript has received enormous popularity: be it a mobile, web, or server-specific code. JavaScript compiles its dynamic code for native view at runtime. The remaining code runs in addition to a virtual machine that is packaged inside the app.

React Native Architecture

React Native application architecture is Called Flux. Most frameworks follow the MVC framework. Facebook uses Flux to build client-side web applications. The main concept of Flux is its unidirectional data flow. Here, React takes care of the view part and Flux, a programming pattern takes care of the Model in the MVC.

Features of React Native

  • It offers strong performance for mobile environments.
  • It is highly cost saving.
  • It has a modular and intuitive architecture.
  • It is a community-driven platform.
  • It offers Maximum code reuse.

Users of React Native

  • Facebook Ads Manager, a cross-platform app, is the first fully built on React Native framework application.
  • The Instagram app uses a React Native framework for easy maintenance of both Android and iOS platforms.
  • The Bloomberg app adopted React Native for their mobile app development.
  • The Airbnb app is built with React Native.
  • Myntra an online shopping portal app is built on React Native.

Similarities Between Flutter and React Native

  • Both offer rapid, superior, and high-quality app performances on multiple platforms, including iOS and Android. Both React Native and Flutter, Are Designed For Cross-Platform App Development.
  • Both have strong developers’ communities and both are backed By Giant Tech Communities. Flutter is Google’s open-source SDK for mobile app development and React Native is offered by Facebook.
  • Both are open-Source, free, and fast platforms that allow developers to create amazing apps quickly due to their native performances.
  • Both of these frameworks are keeping their documentation up-to-date with API references and comprehensive resources.
  • Both frameworks offer excellent UI support and native experience. Flutter uses rich widgets to provide remarkable native experience on Android and iOS platforms. React Native also uses fundamental UI building elements as you use in Android/iOS to deliver the native experience.

Conclusion

React Native is useful for delivering excellent user experiences. But Flutter wins over its performance because of its simple interface. Flutter also has the advantage of reusing the code and using the JavaScript layer to make communication with the native components easier. React Native is less suitable because of its architecture.

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